No, spiders do not generally die after laying eggs. The lifespan of spiders varies greatly depending on the species. Some spiders may live for several years, and many spiders will lay eggs multiple times throughout their lives.
The process typically involves the female spider laying her eggs in a silken egg sac, which she often hides or guards. Some female spiders may carry their egg sacs with them. For example, wolf spiders are known to carry their egg sacs on their bodies until the spiderlings are ready to hatch.
There are some species, such as the redback spider or the black widow, where the female may eat the male after mating, but this is a different phenomenon and it is the male, not the female, that dies in this process.
Overall, the process of laying eggs does not usually cause the death of the spider.
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